Neapolitan style pizza

Gerla de Boer woodfired oven

 There is nothing better than homemade pizza! Especially a Neapolitan style pizza straight from the oven, a pizza or wood-fired oven if you’re lucky to have one. Some people like a pizza to be thin and crispy; others like me prefer a thicker base, which is the Neopolitan pizza from Naples. The thinner-based one is known as the Roma-style pizza, and indeed from Rome.

I like a well-made Roma pizza, but it is often disappointing due to the lack of toppings. This pizza dough only has to be made an hour beforehand, so it is perfect if you need to feed the crowds. In my opinion, there is no such thing as a quick dough. It is tasteless as it hasn’t had time to prove. The yeast or sourdough starter must do its work, which takes time. There is one exception: soda bread.


Gerla de Boer pizza
Pizza with fennel sausage and homegrown rocket


The history of the Neopolitan pizza

Did you know that bread originates from North Africa? To be precise Mesopotamia, which started in Turkey and Lebanon, included parts of Iran, Iraq, and Syria ending in Kuwait. This flatbread was called Naan. Over the years, this bread spread to Asia, Sicily, Sardinia and Greece. It became popular in Italy, too, and the locals gave it their twist by adding delicious toppings. The focaccia was mostly popular north of Rome; in Southern Italy, the galette style bread, known as poor people’s food, was popular street food. Initially, they used oil on this bread, but tomatoes became popular after the introduction by the Europeans.

Why is Neapolitan pizza so special?

Neapolitan pizza is not just a thick pizza base. It is rather special! You are only allowed to use this name if you use fresh yeast, highly refined Italian 0 or 00 wheat flour, salt and water. It has to be kneaded by hand or at a slow setting on your mixer. Using a rolling pin is out of the question!


Gerla de Boer pizza labneh
Pizza with labneh, fennel sausage and spring onion

It even has its own official certification. In 1984 the Associazione Verace Pizza Napoletana (VPN) was founded in Naples. Their goal is to certify pizzerias that use the proper artisan traditions of authentic Neapolitan pizza.

The second requirement is a specific cheese! The highly regarded Fior di latte is required to be one of the toppings of the Neapolitan pizza. This lovely soft Mozzarella is originally from the Amalfi coast. The reason why this cheese is so special is that they use the milk of the cows, which graze in the mountains. It is acclaimed to be much tastier than regular buffalo mozzarella and has more protein, higher water content and fewer calories.


Gerla de Boer pizza cheese
Pizza with BBQ chicken, red onions and goat cheese

The flower cheese from Naples

However, in Naples, they use the ‘flower’ cheese from a small village near Naples, which is extremely difficult to get hold of elsewhere in the world. The only problem is that the Mozzarella can slide off the pizza due to the high water content. Hence, the dryer Mozzarella is preferred for Italian restaurants with a high turnover as it is much easier to handle.

The recipe for my pizza dough is a Neapolitan-style pizza as I don’t use fresh yeast but dry yeast, and most of my preferred toppings don’t include mozzarella. If you once have had Fior di latte, you don’t want anything else. Delicious to use in salads or on a bruschetta. A good deli should stock this mozzarella.


Gerla de Boer pizza prep
Pizza prep

Let’s talk about pizza

A good pizza starts with a good base, but the toppings are equally as important. Please don’t skimp on them. It’s the finishing touch! Make the passata yourself. It only takes 10 minutes. The rule for the other toppings is don’t overload, as the pizza will become soggy.

I have experimented with various toppings over the years. The traditional ones are always popular, but much to my surprise, the star of the show at the moment is a pizza topped with Labneh, fennel sausage and spring onions. Even a winner with the carnivores! Pizza feasts at our house always include the spicy Italian Nduja, pronounced as ‘andouille’. The French and Spanish claim the recipe for this sausage came from their country. I only like to add that the Spanish love spicy food. Pizza with Labneh, fennel sausage and spring onions

The perfect passata

I like passata with a kick. This passata is easy to make. Don’t worry if you have leftovers; it freezes well and is great as a pasta sauce. Below, I am sharing some of our favourite pizzas. Head over to the recipe.


Gerla de Boer fennel sausage
Fennel sausage in the wood-fired oven


Pizza with Labneh, fennel sausage and spring onion


  • Only use a good quality fennel sausage. Available from your Italian deli.
  • Take the fennel sausage out of the skin and make small meatballs. You will need 1 sausage for 2 pizzas.
  • Cook them briefly in the oven at 185C or pop them into the wood-fired oven whilst it is warming up.
  • Cut the spring onion in half and then make thin strips. Please put it in cold water for at least 30 minutes. The spring onion will curl.
  • Spread the Labneh over the pizza, add the meatballs and sprinkle the spring onions over the pizza.
  • Ready to cook the pizza


Gerla de Boer nudja
Pizza with Nudja and speck


Pizza with Nudja, speck and soft goat cheese


  • Spread the passata on the pizza.
  • Tear off small pieces of the Nduja sausage and put it on the pizza. I like it spicy, so I use, on average, 8 to 10 pieces on a medium pizza.
  • Tear 2 large slices of Speck and add them to the pizza. ( Speck is available from an Italian deli. Instead, you can use Parma ham).
  • Dot soft goat cheese over the pizza and pop it into the oven.
  • Before serving, grate Parmesan over the pizza.
  • Note: you can use mozzarella for this pizza, but the goat cheese is much nicer with the spicy sausage.


Gerla de Boer pizza in oven
Pizza with Nudja, speck and goat cheese


For dessert – Pizza with Fig jam, Guanciale and soft goat cheese


  • This is a very unusual pizza. Perfect as the last pizza on your feast.
  • Warm up the fig jam so it is easier to spread. Use a good quality one from a deli.
  • Spread the pizza with the fig jam.
  • Add a couple of slices of Guanciale. If they are large slices, tear them up. Guanciale is a type of bacon. It’s fattier and gives this pizza a nice kick.
  • Dot the soft goat cheese over the pizza.


Pizza with BBQ chicken, red onions and goat cheese


  • Start with making my Chipotle BBQ sauce, or use your own.
  • Heat up the oven to 185C.
  • Smother the chicken with the BBQ and cook until ready. This should take about 15 to 20 minutes. I always make a batch of BBQ as it is delicious on a sandwich or salad, too. Only use chicken thighs.
  • Cut a red onion in half and slice it.
  • Put olive oil in a frying pan, add the onions and sprinkle brown sugar. Fry on low heat until soft.
  • Slice the chicken into thin slices. You will need 1 chicken thigh for 2 pizzas.
  • Spread the BBQ sauce on the pizza.
  • Add the sliced chicken and sprinkle with the onions, and dot soft goat cheese over the pizza.
  • Before serving, grate Parmesan over the pizza.

Wondering where I get my pizza fix if I don’t have time to make them myself? Here are my favourite pizza haunts in Cambridge.

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